تحلیل تحقیقات امنیت و حریم خصوصی حوزه بلاکچین: یک مطالعه علم سنجی

نویسندگان

1 دانشکده مهندسی کامپیوترـ دانشگاه اصفهان ـ اصفهان ـ ایرانمربی- دانشکده مهندسی کامپیوتر-دانشگاه پیام نور- ایران

2 دانشکده مهندسی کامپیوترـ دانشگاه اصفهان ـ اصفهان ـ ایران

3 گروه علم اطلاعات و دانش‌شناسی- دانشگاه پیام نورـ تهران ـ ایران

چکیده

بلاک­چین یک دفترکل دیجیتال توزیع شده و غیرقابل ­انکار است که تراکنش­ها را در زنجیره­ای از بلاک ­ها با امنیت بالا ذخیره می ­کند. بلاکچین توانایی حل مشکلات مربوط به امنیت و حریم­ خصوصی در دامنه­ های مختلف را دارد. هدف این پژوهش انجام یک مطالعه­ ی علم سنجی بر روی پژوهش­های امنیت و حریم ­خصوصی حوزه بلاک­چین در پایگاه وب آو ساینس است تا تصویری عینی از وضعیت این پژوهش­ها ارائه دهد. این پژوهش با بکارگیری فنون علم ­سنجی انجام شده است. جامعه­ ی پژوهش را تعداد 1226 رکوردی تشکیل می­ دهد که توسط پژوهشگران حوزه ­ی بلاک­چین در زمینه امنیت و حریم ­خصوصی در نمایه­ نامه­ های وب آو ساینس، در بازه­ی پنج ساله (بین سال های 2015 تا 2019) وارد شده ­اند. در این مقاله، تاثیرگذارترین کشورها، شبکه همکاری بین کشورها و دانشگاه­های برتر، برترین پژوهشگران، پرتکرارترین کلیدواژه ­ها و تحلیل خوشه­ای کلیدواژه­های این حوزه مورد بررسی قرار گرفته است. با توجه به نتایج حاصل از این پژوهش می­ توان چنین اظهار داشت که پژوهش­های امنیت و حریم­ خصوصی حوزه بلاک­چین در آی.اس.آی طی مدت این پنج سال رشد چشمگیری داشته است و از بلاک­چین بیشتر برای حل مشکلات مربوط به امنیت و حریم خصوصی حوزه اینترنت اشیا و کاربردهای آن استفاده شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Blockchain Security and Privacy Research Analysis: A bibliometric study

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hamed Barangi 1
  • Fatemeh Raji 2
  • Ali Akbar Khasseh 3
چکیده [English]

Blockchain is a distributed and undeniable digital ledger that stores transactions in a chain of high-security blocks. Blockchain solves security and privacy issues in different domains. This study aims to investigate a scientific study on blockchain security and privacy researches in Web of Science database to provide a status view of this area of research using scientometric techniques. The research community has 1226 records that have been indexed by blockchain researchers in the field of security and privacy over five years (between 2015 and 2019). In this article, the most influential countries, the network of cooperation between countries and top universities, top researchers, the most frequent keywords and cluster analysis of keywords in this field are examined. Based on the results of this study, it can be stated that security and privacy researches in the field of blockchain in ISI has been grown exponentially over the past five years, and blockchain has been mostly used to address security and privacy issues in IoT and its applications.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Blockchain
  • Security
  • Privacy
  • bibliometric
  • content analysis
  1. [1] Ismagilova, E., Hughes, L., Dwivedi, Y.K., Raman, K.R., “Smart cities: Advances in research—An information systems perspective”, International Journal of Information Management 47, pp. 88–100, 2019. [2] Nakamoto, S., “Bitcoin: A peer-to-peer electronic cash system”, URL: http://www.bitcoin.org, 2008. [3] Rajnak, V., Puschmann, T., “The impact of blockchain on business models in banking.” Inf Syst E-Bus Manage, 2020. [4] Bosu, A., Iqbal, A., Shahriyar, R., Chakraborty, P., “Understanding the motivations, challenges and needs of Blockchain software developers: a survey”, Empir Software Eng 24, pp. 2636–2673, 2019. [5] Makridakis, S., Christodoulou, K., “Blockchain: Current Challenges and Future Prospects/Applications”, Future Internet, 11, pp. 258, 2019. [6] Ma, Y., Sun, Y., Lei, Y., Qin, N., Lu, J., “A survey of blockchain technology on security, privacy, and trust in crowdsourcing services”, World Wide Web 23, pp. 393–419, 2019. [7] Wu, M., Wang, K., Cai, X., Guo, S., Guo, M., Rong, C., 2019. “A Comprehensive Survey of Blockchain: From Theory to IoT Applications and Beyond”. IEEE Internet Things J. 6, pp. 8114–8154, 2019. [8] Abou Jaoude, J., George Saade, R., “Blockchain Applications – Usage in Different Domains”, IEEE Access, 7, pp. 45360–45381, 2019. [9] Casino, F., Dasaklis, T.K., Patsakis, C., “A systematic literature review of blockchain-based applications: Current status, classification and open issues”, Telematics and Informatics, 36, pp. 55–81, 2019. [10] Ferrag, M.A., Derdour, M., Mukherjee, M., Derhab, A., Maglaras, L., Janicke, H., “Blockchain Technologies for the Internet of Things: Research Issues and Challenges”, IEEE Internet of Things Journal, 6-2, pp. 2188–2204, 2019. [11] Lin, W., Yin, X., Wang, S., Khosravi, M.R., “A Blockchain-enabled decentralized settlement model for IoT data exchange services”, Wireless Networks, 2020. [12] Yohan, A., Lo, N.-W., “FOTB: a secure blockchain-based firmware update framework for IoT environment”, International Journal of Information Security, 19-3, pp. 257–278, 2019. [13] Cocco, L., Pinna, A., Marchesi, M., “Banking on Blockchain: Costs Savings Thanks to the Blockchain Technology”, Future Internet, 9-3, pp. 25, 2017. [14] Mendling, J., Weber, I., Aalst, W.V.D., Brocke, J.V., Cabanillas, C., Daniel, F., Debois, S., Ciccio, C.D., Dumas, M., Dustdar, S., Gal, A., García-Bañuelos, L., Governatori, G., Hull, R., Rosa, M.L., Leopold, H., Leymann, F., Recker, J., Reichert, M., Reijers, H.A., Rinderle-Ma, S., Solti, A., Rosemann, M., Schulte, S., Singh, M.P., Slaats, T., Staples, M., Weber, B., Weidlich, M., Weske, M., Xu, X., Zhu, L., “Blockchains for Business Process Management - Challenges and Opportunities”, ACM Transactions on Management Information Systems, 9-1, pp. 1–16, 2018. [15] Rajnak, V., Puschmann, T., “The impact of blockchain on business models in banking”, Information Systems and e-Business Management, 2020. [16] Moniruzzaman, Md., Khezr, S., Yassine, A., Benlamri, R., “Blockchain for smart homes: Review of current trends and research challenges”, Computers & Electrical Engineering 83, pp. 106585, 2020. [17] Lei, A., Cruickshank, H., Cao, Y., Asuquo, P., Ogah, C.P.A., Sun, Z., “Blockchain-Based Dynamic Key Management for Heterogeneous Intelligent Transportation Systems”, IEEE Internet of Things Journal, 4-6, pp. 1832–1843, 2017. [18] Agbo, C.C., Mahmoud, Q.H., “Blockchain in Healthcare: Opportunities, Challenges, and Possible Solutions”, International Journal of Healthcare Information Systems and Informatics, pp. 82–97, 2020. [19] Tripathi, G., Ahad, M.A., Paiva, S., “S2HS- A blockchain based approach for smart healthcare system”, Healthcare, 8-1, pp. 100391, 2020. [20] X. Li, P. Jiang, T. Chen, X. Luo and Q. Wen, “A survey on the security of blockchain systems”, Future Generation Computer Systems, 107, 2020, pp. 841–853, 2020. [21] Zhang, Q., Han, Y., Su, Z., Fang, J., Liu, Z., Wang, K., “A storage architecture for high-throughput crop breeding data based on improved blockchain technology”, Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 173, pp. 105395, 2020. [22] فرهمندپور زینب، نیک مهر هومن، منصوری زاده محرم، طیب زاده قمصری امید. یک سیستم نوین هوشمند تشخیص هویت نویسنده فارسی زبان بر اساس سبک نوشتاری - مقاله برگزیده هفدهمین کنفرانس ملی انجمن کامپیوتر ایران. نشریه علمی محاسبات نرم. ۱۳۹۱; ۱ (۲) :۲۶-۳۵. [23] Rouhani, S., Deters, R., “Security, Performance, and Applications of Smart Contracts: A Systematic Survey”, IEEE Access, 7, pp. 50759–50779, 2019. [24] Munford, M., How I lost £25,000 when my cryptocurrency was stolen, 2019, URL: https://www.bbc.com/news/business-49177705. [25] J. Gogo, J., Hackers Move Another $800K in BTC Stolen From the 2016 Bitfinex Breach, 2020, URL: https://news.bitcoin.com/hackers-move-another-800k-in-btc-stolen-from-the-2016-bitfinex-breach/. [26] Feng, Q., He, D., Zeadally, S., Khan, M.K., Kumar, N., “A survey on privacy protection in blockchain system”, Journal of Network and Computer Applications, 126, pp. 45–58, 2019. [27] Prashanth Joshi, A., Han, M., Wang, Y., “A survey on security and privacy issues of blockchain technology”, Mathematical Foundations of Computing, 1-2, pp. 121–147, 2018. [28] Özen Çınar, İ., “Bibliometric analysis of breast cancer research in the period 2009–2018”, International Journal of Nursing Practice, 26-3, 2020. [29] Modak, N.M., Merigó, J.M., Weber, R., Manzor, F., Ortúzar, J. de D., “Fifty years of Transportation Research journals: A bibliometric overview”, Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 120, pp. 188–223, 2019. [30] Gil, M., Wróbel, K., Montewka, J., Goerlandt, F.,”A bibliometric analysis and systematic review of shipboard Decision Support Systems for accident prevention”, Safety Science, 128, pp. 104717, 2020. [31] Kataria, A., Kumar, S., Sureka, R., Gupta, B., 2020. Forty years of Employee Relations – The International Journal: a bibliometric overview. ER 42, pp. 1205–1230, 2020. [32] Firdaus, A., Razak, M.F.A., Feizollah, A., Hashem, I.A.T., Hazim, M., Anuar, N.B., “The rise of ‘blockchain’: bibliometric analysis of blockchain study”, Scientometrics, 120-3, pp. 1289–1331, 2019. [33] Rouzbahani, H.M., Karimipour, H., Dehghantanha, A., Parizi, R.M., “Blockchain Applications in Power Systems: A Bibliometric Analysis, in: Advances in Information Security”, Springer International Publishing, pp. 129–145, 2020. [34] Merediz-Solà, I., Bariviera, A.F., “A bibliometric analysis of bitcoin scientific production”, Research in International Business and Finance, 50, pp. 294–305, 2019. [35] Ramona, O., Cristina, M.S., Raluca, S., “Bitcoin in the Scientific Literature – A Bibliometric Study”, Studies in Business and Economics 14, pp. 160–174, 2019. [36] Issac, A.C., Baral, R., “A trustworthy network or a technologically disguised scam”, Global Knowledge, Memory and Communication, Vol. 69 No. 6/7, pp. 443-460, 2020. [37] Zeng, S., Ni, X., Yuan, Y., Wang, F.-Y., “A Bibliometric Analysis of Blockchain Research”, IEEE, 2018. [38] Kamran, M., Khan, H.U., Nisar, W., Farooq, M., Rehman, S.-U., “Blockchain and Internet of Things: A bibliometric study”, Computers & Electrical Engineering, 81, pp. 106525, 2020. [39] Dabbagh, M., Sookhak, M., Safa, N.S., “The Evolution of Blockchain: A Bibliometric Study”, IEEE Access, 7, pp. 19212–19221, 2019. [40] Zhou, L., Zhang, L., Zhao, Y., Zheng, R., Song, K., “A scientometric review of blockchain research”, Inf Syst E-Bus Manage, 2020. [41] Sakhnini, J., Karimipour, H., Dehghantanha, A., Parizi, R.M., Srivastava, G., “Security aspects of Internet of Things aided smart grids: A bibliometric survey”, Internet of Things, 2019. [42] Nakhodchi, S., Dehghantanha, A., Karimipour, H., “Privacy and Security in Smart and Precision Farming: A Bibliometric Analysis”, in: Handbook of Big Data Privacy. Springer International Publishing, pp. 305–318, 2020. [43] Olle, P., Rickard, D., Wiborg, S.J. “How to use Bibexcel for various types of bibliometric analysis”, In Celebrating scholarly communication studies: A Festschrift for Olle Persson at his 60th Birthday, ed. F. Åström, R. Danell, B. Larsen, J. Schneider, Leuven, Belgium: International Society for Scientometrics and Informetrics, pp. 9–24, 2009. [44] van Eck, N.J., Waltman, L., “Software survey: VOSviewer, a computer program for bibliometric mapping”, Scientometrics, 84, pp. 523–538, 2009. [45] Wagner, C.S., Whetsell, T.A., Leydesdorff, L., “Growth of international collaboration in science: revisiting six specialties”, Scientometrics, 110, pp. 1633–1652, 2017. [46] Adams, J.D., Black, G.C., Clemmons, J.R., Stephan, P.E., “Scientific teams and institutional collaborations: Evidence from U.S. universities, 1981–1999”, Research Policy, 34, pp. 259–285, 2005. [47] Wagner, C.S., Park, H.W., Leydesdorff, L., “The Continuing Growth of Global Cooperation Networks in Research: A Conundrum for National Governments”, PLoS ONE, 10, e0131816, 2015. [48] Bornmann, L., Wagner, C., Leydesdorff, L., BRICS countries and scientific excellence: A bibliometric analysis of most frequently cited papers. J Assn Inf Sci Tec 66, pp. 1507–1513, 2015. [49] Cambrosio, A., Limoges, C., Courtial, J.P., Laville, F., “Historical scientometrics? Mapping over 70 years of biological safety research with coword analysis.”, Scientometrics, 27, pp. 119–143, 1993. [50] سیدی مریم، شمسی محبوبه، رسولی کناری عبدالرضا. روشی جهت افزایش کیفیت سرویس در شبکه های درمانی حسگر بی سیم بدنی با ارایه پروتکلی در لایه پیوند مبتنی بر اینترنت اشیا. نشریه علمی محاسبات نرم. ۱۳۹۷; ۷ (۱) :۸۰-۹۵. [51] خراسانی فردوانی محسن، رمضان پور محمدرضا، خورسند ریحانه. ارائه یک الگوریتم مسیریابی چند مسیره انرژی کارا در سیستم های اینترنت اشیاء. نشریه علمی محاسبات نرم. ۱۳۹۷; ۷ (۱) :۳۴-۴۹.