عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Home intelligence is one of the most practical and thriving topics in today’s world, which allows people to remotely adjust and control electronic equipment, as well as program them to save energy. In recent years, many companies have introduced hardware and software systems as appliances and communication technologies for smart homes. These technologies differ from each other in various aspects such as implementation conditions, cost, scalability, security, etc., and due to their great diversity, it seems difficult to choose a suitable technology under given conditions. It is quite clear that the prerequisite for the proper design and implementation of a smart home is to know the features and limitations of these technologies in different conditions. This article reviews common communication technologies in smart homes based on the communication medium, i.e., wire, power lines, and wireless, and outlines the features and limitations of each technology, as well as the related research and challenges ahead to improve such technologies. Also, the highlighted points in the article can help the designers of smart home systems to select and use the appropriate technology according to the conditions in a smart home.